Titanium is used in petrochemical industry.
Titanium has excellent corrosion resistance, mechanical and technological properties, and is widely used in many sectors of the national economy.Especially in chemical production, titanium is used as corrosion resistant material instead of stainless steel, nickel-based alloy and other rare metals.It is of great significance to increase output, improve product quality, extend equipment service life, reduce consumption, reduce energy consumption, reduce cost, prevent pollution, improve working conditions and improve labor productivity.
Titanium has become one of the main anti-corrosion materials in chemical equipment and has established its anti-corrosion status in chemical equipment.As an ideal material in chemical equipment, titanium has attracted more and more attention from engineers and technicians.
After years of promotion, titanium and its alloys have been widely used in chemical production as an excellent corrosion resistant structural material.At present, the application of titanium equipment has been expanded from the original soda ash and caustic soda industry to chlorate, ammonium chloride, urea, organic synthesis, dyes, inorganic salts, pesticides, synthetic fiber, fertilizer, and fine chemical industry, etc., and the types of equipment have developed from small and simple to large and diversified.
The results of heat exchanger investigation show that the titanium heat exchanger accounts for 57%, the titanium anode accounts for 20%, the titanium container accounts for 16% and the other 7%.In the chemical industry, "two alkali" is the main, and the titanium heat exchanger is the largest in the chemical equipment.
In recent years, the production technology of titanium material in China has been improved rapidly, and the growth of titanium used in aerospace, military and automobile has been very rapid, especially in the field of aerospace, there is a tendency to catch up with that used in chemical industry.In general, the technical content of chemical titanium is small, and the added value of products is low.
With the development of science and technology and the depletion of land resources, the exploitation and utilization of the sea has been on the agenda.Titanium has excellent corrosion resistance to seawater and is widely used in seawater desalination, ships, ocean thermal energy exploitation and seabed resources exploitation.
As early as the 1960s, China has begun to study the application of titanium and titanium alloy in ships and Marine engineering equipment, and has done a lot of work, has basically formed a Marine titanium alloy system with many brands, different performance, varieties and specifications.Due to the characteristics of titanium and titanium alloy, it has a unique advantage in the application of ships and Marine engineering equipment, so it is widely used in nuclear submarine, deep submersible, atomic icebreaker, hydrofoil, hovercraft, mine sweeper and propeller, seawater pipeline, condenser, heat exchanger, etc.
In the aspect of ship application, the amount of titanium used in ships is very little, accounting for less than 1% of the total weight of ships.In addition, in terms of seawater desalination and coastal power station, due to the huge market demand of seawater desalination and coastal power station in China, the market application prospect of titanium will be very broad under the condition of further reducing the cost of titanium alloy and improving the stability of product quality.
In daily life
Titanium is widely used in daily life, such as golf heads, bicycle frames, tennis rackets, wheelchairs and spectacle frames.
Titanium with its lightweight, high strength characteristics in the application of sporting goods, from the earliest tennis rackets, badminton rackets gradually expanded to golf heads, clubs and racing cars.In 2008, sports and leisure accounted for 13% of China's total consumption, among which the amount of titanium used in golf heads and clubs alone exceeded 1,000 tons.Bike frames made of titanium alloy are also popular. There are nearly 50 companies making titanium bicycles. The United States is already the largest producer and consumer of titanium bicycles.Titanium has also been used in spectacle frames since the early 1980s because it is lightweight, is less prone to skin irritation, and has an anodized surface that can be brightly colored.